Express entry is a nimble way to attain Canadian permanent residence

Canada Immigration

Express Entry:

Canada has been the famous immigration destination The government of Canada invites skilled people to their country through a points-based system known as Express Entry. This stream was launched in 2015 in order to make the process most simple and easier way to get a PR Visa before express entry was announced the Immigration process for Canada enclosed paper works which consumed more time comparing with the present (Apply for Express Entry) Express Entry stream.

Canada Express Entry is a direct stream it’s completely an E-process and raking based system designed by the federal-provincial government of Canada and the selection is entirely based on the skills of the applicant and the relevant occupation in demand, The applicant has to ensure whether their profile is eligible to apply for this program or not. The ranking is based on the applicants Core human capital factors.

Express Entry is not a newly introduced ‘immigration program’ this is a revised program with online features in itself. In simple terms it is a new electronic system that Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC ) uses to manage and select applications for permanent residence under 3 program.

Express Entry Streams

Express Entry has 3 Streams:

  1. Federal skilled trades program (FSTP)

  2. Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

  3. Federal skilled worker Program (FSWP)

These 3 programs are not new and have been in existence for several years. One major change with (Apply for Express Entry) Express Entry is that the application management, communication, submission, intake etc for these programs has shifted from paper- based approach to electronic/ online approach.

Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP):

The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) is for people who want to become permanent residents of Canada based on being qualified in a skilled trade.

To be eligible to apply, you must:

  • Have at least 2 years of full-time work experience in an eligible skilled trade;
  • Meet Minimum Language Level in English or French;
  • Have an offer of full-time employment for a total of at least one year; or
  • Have a Certificate of qualification in your skilled trade issued by a province or territory

Canadian Experience Class (CEC):

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is for people with skilled work experience in Canada.

To be eligible to apply, you must:

  • Have at least 1 year of full-time (or equivalent) skilled work experience in Canada;
  • Have had legal status while working, or studying, in Canada;
  • Meet Minimum Language levels in English or French; and
  • Plan to live outside the province of Quebec.
  • Apply within 3 years of obtaining your skilled work experience;

Federal Skilled Worker (FSW):

The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program is for people who are selected to immigrate to Canada because of their work experience and skills.

To be eligible to apply, you must:

  • Be eligible to work in Canada;
  • Be able to prove that you have Enough Money to support yourself and your dependent after you arrive in Canada
  • Have at least 1 year of full-time (or equivalent) skilled work experience;
  • Meet Minimum Language levels in English or French
  • Have a post-secondary certificate, Diploma or Degree
  • Plan to live outside the province of Quebec.

FSW program is one of the major Program under immigration system and major applications fall under FSW, if you Don’t have any previous Study/ work experience in Canada the applicant fall under FSW

Canada Immigration Points calculator:

Eligibility Criteria:

Federal skilled worker overall contains 100 Points, to be eligible you must Obtain 67 Points, if the applicant is currently outside Canada and don’t have Canadian Education/Work experience FSW is the program that is most likely to be applicable.

Below are the six selection factors under which the client must obtain 67.

Age Points(12 max)
Under 18 0
18-35 12
36 11
37 10
38 9
39 8
40 7
41 6
42 5
43 4
44 3
45 2
46 1
47th & older 0

Level of Education Points(25 max)
Doctoral (PhD level) 25
Master's level 23
Two or more post-secondary degrees - at least one for a prgram of at least 3 years(Double bachelar's) 22
Post-secondary degree - 3years or longer (Bachelor's Degree) 21
Post-secondary degree - 2years(Diploma) 19
Post-secondary degree - 1year 15
Secondary school 5

Work Experience
Work Expeience Points(15 max)
6 or more years 15
4 - 5.11 years 13
2 - 3.11 years 11
1.11 years 9

****A Minimum of 1 year experience is required in the same company to be eligible****

Language Proficiency
Proficiency - English IELTS Score Points(24 max)
First Official Language Listening Speaking Reading Writing FSW
CLB 9 8.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6 pts/ability
CLB 8 7.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 5 pts/ability
CLB 7 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 4 pts/ability

French Language Proficiency: 4 points

Overall - 28 points

IELTS Validity: 2 years prior to application

Accepted English Language Proficiency tests:

  1. IELTS General
  2. CELPIP(Canadian English Language Proficiency Index)

Adaptability Points(10 max)

> Relatives in Canada

> You, or your spouse or common-law partner, have a relative who is living in Canada and 18years or older and a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, either a:

  • parent
  • grandparent
  • child
  • grandchild
  • child of a parent (sibling)
  • child of a grandparent (aunt or uncle), or grandchild of a parent (niece or nephew)

5 points

> Work/ Study Experience in Canada

> You or Your spouse or common-law partner did at-least one year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.


> Your spouse or common-law partner finished at least two academic years of full-time (15 Hours/week) study in a program at least two years long at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada, and stayed in good academic standing during that time.

5 points

> Your spouse or common-law partner has a language level in either

> English or French at CLB 4 level or higher in all four language abilities (IELTS Listening 4.0, Reading 4.5, Writing 3.5, Speaking 4.0)

5 points


Job Offer In Canada
Job Offer Points
You must have a valid LMIA job offer in Canada 10

To better understand Express Entry, it is essential that you understand the concept of FSW and followed by CRS, Express Entry Pool, (ITA) Invitation to apply, Language test (IELTS), (ECA) Education Credential Assessment and National Occupation classification (NOC)

A example of FSW points awarded to a applicant:

Sample FSW Score
Attributes Maximum Points Points Obtained Logic
Age 12 12 34 years and 0 months of age
Education 25 23 masters Note: Points allotted are subjected to assessment bodt
Experience 15 15 6+ years of working experience
First Official language 24 24 IELTS Score is CLB-9 i.e., 8.5 in Lisening, 7.0 in Speaking, 7.0 in Reading, 7.0 in Writing
Second Official language(French) 4 NA NA
Adaptability 10 05 Spouse IELTS: 6 bands in eah module
Job offer in Canada 10 NA NA
Total Points claimed 100 79 Qualification points is 67

Let us calculate your score

S.No Creteria Maximum Points Your Points
1 Age 12
2 Education 25
3 Experiene 15
4 Language ability (English + French) 28(24+4)
5 Adaptability 10
6 Job Offer in Canada 10
100(Total Points)

Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

CRS has the entire responsibility for a client’s nomination, based on CRS score an applicant will be invited to apply to apply Canada PR

These factors include Age, work experience, language skills (English or French or both), education, approved Job offer, Approved provincial nomination etc.

Express Entry candidates are given a score out of 1,200 based on the four major sections:
  • Core / human capital factors: These include points for age, qualification, work experience and language. These are considered as key to economic success for immigrants.
  • Spouse or common-law partner factors:These include Spouse or common-law partner’s language skills and education.
  • Skills transferability: This section provides additional scores to your profile by accessing it based on combination of factors mentioned above e.g a combination of your Education and Work experience.
  • Additional points: This section awards 600 additional points for your previous connection in Canada or Provincial nomination.
Express Entry Pool:

When you complete your Express Entry profile, your online profile is placed with other applicants from around the world in a central pool of Express Entry applicants. There are no CRS minimum cut-offs required to enter Express Entry pool. CIC (IRCC) issues Invitations to Apply (ITA) to candidates who are ranked highest in the pool by a process commonly called a “Draw” or “Round of Invitations”. So it is important to score high in your CRS to be issued an ITA . If your Express Entryprofile is active and your CRS score is equal or more than the cut-off score for a particular draw then you will be issued an ITA. From a candidate’s perspective ITA is basically a letter that you receive through your My CIC account.

Invitation to Apply (ITA):

Your ITAwillspecifytheprogramthatyoushouldbesubmittingyourapplicationfor,your CRSscore with breakdown and the dateby which youshouldsubmitthe electronic application for permanent residence (e-APR).

Completing Express Entry profile orreceiving an ITA is not a guarantee that you will be approved for permanent residence. Receiving an ITA is one step further towards submission of your formal application for Permanent Residence processing.

Your profileremains activeinthe Express Entry Pool for 1 year from the date you completed the profile. It may happen that you do not receive an ITA during this period. In such a case your profile will expire and you will need to create a new profile if you wish to remain in the pool for future draws.

What is Express Entry?

Express Entry is an online system used to manage permanent residence Applicants who want to settle in Canada permanently. Express Entry is the major Program introduced by Canadian government

Who is eligible to apply under express entry program?

The people who can contribute to Canada’s economy with their skill

  • work experience
  • language ability
  • Education qualification

And in parallel meets the Eligibility requirements imposed the government of Canada

What is provincial Nomination?

Provincial Nomination program (PNP) is an alternate route to Boost your CRs score and Gain additional points from provincial government of Canada. GreenTree Immigration we define this as Plan B for your immigration process if the province believes that applicant has the ability to contribute to the economy of their provinces of they would provide us the PNP nomination. Each provinces have its own requirements and streams.

How does provincial nomination program help you?

Provincial nomination will give additional 600 points to your Express Entry profile which can be added to your current CRS score. Applying to PNP doesn’t mean that you have secured the nomination. Nomination will be issued only if you meet the particular province requirements.

Can I apply for PR without job offer?

Yes, you can apply for a PR without a job offer. Job offer is not mandatory for the PR process. You can proceed without job offer. If you have a LMIA approved job offer it will fetch you additional points.

How to choose a Canadian Immigration Consultants?

Before choosing a immigration consultants,

  • check how long they have been in the industry?
  • How are they different from others?
  • What is their intent on your application
  • How frequently they will follow your application and keeps you update on the status of your profile
  • Have a physical interaction with them before you initiate the process

How much time does it take to get a Canadian PR after covid-19?

The general processing time for PR is 6 to 8 months. If in case of PNP nomination it will take additional 3months. After covid 19 the estimated processing time is likely to increase by 45 additional days

What is the difference between FSW and CRS?

FSW points will help you to find whether your are eligible for the Express Entry Process., Where as the CRS is a selection points which will determine the possibility of getting a ITA to apply PR.

What is the difference between TRV and PR?

Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) also referred as short-term visa. This visa is applicable to people who are planning to Study, Visit and work in Canada.

Permanent Residence (PR) is for the people who are planning to settle or work in Canada permanently.

What is Canadian Immigration Fee for PR?

As of 2021, Charges for the immigration process is 1325CAD$ per Adult applicant. Which includes processing fee and right of permanent residence fee. 225CAD$ per Kid.

What is Canadian Immigration Fee for PR?

Provincial nomination program offers you alternative pathways to permanent residence for Express Entry. They are provinces which offers non express entry streams to immigrate to Canada .

AIPP is a developing pathway to attain PR but this is an employer designated process this could be an another alternate way to attain PR for less IELTS score.

Can I apply for Canadian PR without IELTS?

No, You cannot apply for a PR without IELTS. IELTS is mandatory for PR application

Disclaimer : Greentree Immigration Service private limited is not a recruitment or placement agency we do not assure any type of job and employment offers also any domestic/international placements