There are 3 types of student visa
Students applying for a program that requires more than 18hours in a week need an F1 Student visa. This includes all UG and PG programs like MS, MBA.
You can take your spouse or children with you under F2 visa.Dependents are not able to work in US while you’re studying.
J1 Exchange visitor visa is for the students, who are going to visit scholars or lecturers pursuing an exchange program. Students from Indian universities travel to the US on short term study abroad programs under J1 Exchange Visitor Visa.
These may include a 10-month vocational training or some research fellowship.
M1 visa is a type of student visa which is for technical or vocational programs. The process for applying to F1 and M1 visas are the same, the difference is M 1 is time stamped and students cannot over stay.
Students have to apply for SEVP Approved schools in the US. Once they approve your application, you will be registered for the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) and you have to pay the SEVIS I-901 Fee. The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) is the web-based system that the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) uses to maintain information. SEVP approved schools will give you a form called form I-20. After receiving your form I-20 and registering with SEVIS, you can apply for US F1 or M1 VISA at the US embassy or students consulate. You need to submit your Form I-20 to the officers while you’re attending your interview at the US embassy.
If your spouse or children are playing to come along with you while you're studying, they must also enroll for SEVIS, get an individual form I-20s from the SEVP approved schools and apply for a visa but they don’t have to pay the SEVIS fee.
Online Nonimmigrant’s visa Application, Form DS-160. Complete the online visa application, and take a print out of that application form confirmation and bring it to your interview.You need to upload a photo while completing the online Form DS- 160.
During the 1st year students are not able to do off-campus employment. They can work 20 hours per week legally and during vacation they may work up to 40 hours per week.
The spouse and dependent children of a student will be granted a visitor visa for the same duration as their partners or parents stay. Dependents of students cannot work under visitor’s visa.
Students must complete your course within the minimum course duration listed on your acceptance letter. If you don’t have any job offer at the completion of your course, you can apply for a post study work visa. Students can work up to 20 hours per week and may work full time during all scheduled holidays.
The F1 visa holders can stay up to 12 months after completing their graduation. You can work for 1 year after you finish studying. This is temporary employment permission for the students to gain practical work knowledge in their field. If you wish to continue working in the US, you need to apply for a work visa. You can remain in the US up to 60 days after the completion of your course even if you don’t have a job